The Monthly Update

June, 2002 Update


Bits and Pieces from across the United Methodist Church


When the Bible speaks about church unity, it speaks of unity not at the expense of truth but on the basis of it.

             – The Navigators’ Daily Walk, October 30, 1994

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Of Interest.  

+ Thomas Roughface, head of Oklahoma Indian conference, dies
The Rev. Thomas Roughface, superintendent of the Oklahoma Indian Missionary Conference, died May 9 at
Oklahoma University Medical Center following complications from injuries sustained in an April 28 automobile accident. Roughface, 66, a member of the Ponca tribe in White Eagle, Okla., worked for 43 years in the ministry of the conference and served five parishes. Active at the denominational level, he worked on several churchwide boards and agencies and was a seven-time delegate to General and jurisdictional conferences. His wife, Patricia, a Chickasaw, died last Thanksgiving, and Roughface and his family had just ended the tribal period of mourning. The family marked the end of the period by sponsoring a feast and give-away in honor of her life. Roughface is survived by six children and a host of grandchildren.

- United Methodist News Service (UMMNS); Linda Green; Nashville, Tenn.; 10-34-71BP{219}; May 9, 2002.


+ Congress spares clergy housing allowance
WASHINGTON (UMNS) - Congress appears to have saved a key federal income tax exemption for clergy members: the housing allowance. The Clergy Housing Allowance Clarification Act of 2002 has been sent to President Bush, who is expected to sign it soon. The House of Representatives passed the bill on April 16, and the Senate approved it on
May 2. The United Methodist Board of Pension and Health Benefits supported efforts to keep the allowance

- UMNS; Joretta Purdue; Washington; 10-71B{216}; May 9, 2002 


Homosexuality.  Rev. Mark Edward Williams, a pastor at Seattle's Woodland Park UMC who disclosed his homosexuality at the Pacific Northwest Conference's 2001 annual meeting, will continue in his appointment while under disciplinary review. The UM Judicial Council, deciding it erred last fall in mandating  such suspensions, said authority in the matter rests with bishops alone. The Book of Discipline requires that pastors be suspended when their conduct affects the life of the congregation, the pastor's own life, or the lives of others. Pacific Northwest Bishop Elias Galvan told the Associated Press, "I don't see at the present time that any of those situations have happened." [Note: In effect, if a bishop supports the homosexual lifestyle against the Bible and the Book of Discipline, nothing can be done to fire him nor pastors who are engaging in that practice. This is a serious problem for our denomination. In addition, this reflects a serious failure on the part of one of our “episcopal leaders.”]
      - United Methodist Reporter, as reprinted in the Oregon-Idaho UMConnector and quoted in Newscope, May 17, 2002


The Good Stuff.

+ Gambling industry seeks to exploit Sept. 11, clergyman says
[Note: Even though this news release is dated, we believe that it is of sufficient importance to publicize now.] WASHINGTON (UMNS) -- A spokesman for an anti-gambling coalition is challenging the U.S. Senate to reject efforts by the gaming industry to obtain special tax breaks being developed in the wake of the Sept. 11
tragedies. The gambling industry is trying to exploit the events of Sept. 11 for its own gain, said the Rev. Tom Grey, a United Methodist clergyman and director of the National Coalition Against Gambling Expansion. In a Nov. 12 statement, Grey said America historically has called on the best instincts of its people during times of crisis. "America has asked its citizens to sacrifice and to build, not to gamble with their children's future," he said. Gambling interests are asking Congress for a tax break of billions of dollars as part of the economic
stimulus proposals. At the same time, the industry is promising states more gambling revenue to shore up government budgets if it is allowed to expand.
     Gambling proponents are using similar arguments of economic need to push legislation in…states [such as] Rhode Island, Minnesota, New Hampshire, Indiana, Ohio and Kansas, according to Grey. States that defeated
expansion legislation or held the line with mixed results in recent years will be subject to renewed pressure, he said. In the past, gambling opponents could debate the merits of such proposals, Grey said, but today, political leaders are looking more favorably on taxes from gambling operations as a source of revenue. At the same time, Grey said, gambling interests are seeking a tax break at the federal level as part of the proposed economic incentive measures. "How can that be? What does America gain from using taxpayers' hard-earned money to subsidize a predatory industry that exploits the old, the poor and the addicted - and couldn't exist without their money?" he asked. Grey cited a recent study by Earl Grinols, a professor at the University of Illinois, showing governments lose money when they support gambling. The study documents that for every $1 the government collects in gambling taxes, it loses $2 through decreased business taxes, increased crime and corruption, and higher social costs arising from addicted gamblers and gambling-related abuse, divorce and welfare, Grey said.
     He called upon citizens to urge members of Congress, particularly their senators, to reject the proposed gambling subsidy. "What's the difference between subsidizing gambling and subsidizing big tobacco?" Grey asked. "Both industries are destructive and prey on those who become addicted to their products."

- UMNS; by Joretta Purdue; Washington; 10-21-71B{538}; Nov. 15, 2001


+ One Minute Prayer Time

In W.W.II, there was an advisor to Churchill who organized a group of people who dropped what they were doing every day at a prescribed hour for one minute to collectively pray for the safety of England, its people, and peace. There is now a group of people organizing the same thing here in America. If you would like to participate, every evening at 9:00 PM Eastern Time, 8:00 PM Central Time, stop whatever you are doing and spend one minute  praying for the safety of the United States, its citizens, and for peace in  the world. If you know anyone else who would like to participate, please pass this along. Together, we CAN make a difference!! Thank You and God Bless America. – Received by E-mail.


+ Lee Hee Ho, first lady of the Republic of Korea and a 1958 graduate of Scarritt College for Christian Workers, was honored May 7 by the school's successor for her work in bringing peace and justice to her country. The Scarritt-Bennett Center, a UM retreat and educational facility in Nashville, gave Lee the Outstanding Leadership in Peace and Justice Award. "Your leadership of women's organizations and associations in Korea brought hope and empowerment to many," said the Rev. Carolyn Oehler, executive director of Scarritt-Bennett Center. "Scarritt is my second home," said Lee. "It is here that . . . with my friends . . . we talked and dreamed about the future." [Note: She was originally sponsored into the United States and supported by the late Dr. & Mrs. J. R. Crowe and people in their local Methodist Church while he was a colonel in the Air Force stationed in Korea. Dr. Crowe was a member of the Advisory Board of Concerned Methodists.]

  - UMNS; by Martha Pilcher; Nashville, Tenn.; 10-35-71BP{217}; Feb. 25, 2002.; as quoted in Newscope, May 17, 2002.


(UM) Bishops.  UM Bishops’ Meeting

+ Bishops speak out on clergy sexual abuse
BLOOMINGTON, Minn. (UMNS) - United Methodist bishops, meeting April 28-May 3, declared that clerics who "abuse children or who are sexual predators" will not be "shielded or protected" by church authorities…The 150-member Council of Bishops vowed at its semi-annual meeting to "prevent and eradicate sexual abuse and misconduct" from all levels of
church life. In fact, the
United Methodist Church has worked for more than 20 years to strengthen the laws in its Book of Discipline regarding ethical and moral conduct of clergy, said Bishop Sharon Rader, council secretary and leader of the church's Wisconsin Area. [Note: One wonders if heterosexual immorality and homosexual activity are included in this resolution.]

     The United Methodist Church has 9.7 million members worldwide. United Methodists represent the third largest Christian body in the United States with 8.4 million members, behind the Roman Catholics and Southern Baptists. The United Methodist Church has about 36,000 local congregations and 40,000 clergy in the United States.

- UMNS; by M. Garlinda Burton; Nashville, Tenn.; 10-21-71BP{201}.; May 3, 2002.

+ Bishops support proposed reforms to help poor children
The bishops have pledged their support for a comprehensive proposal to the U.S. Congress to increase funding for low-cost child care and Head Start, extend health-care coverage to 9 million uninsured children and provide a greater safety net for low-income families. Members agreed to spend June 12 in
Washington in cooperation with the national lobby group, the Children's Defense Fund The council comprises nearly 150 active and retired bishops from the United States, Africa, Europe and the Philippines. During their semi-annual meeting, bishops heard progress reports on their churchwide initiative to advocate for children living in poverty and their families. As part of that review, Children's Defense Fund founder Marian Wright Edelman outlined the provisions of the legislation now before Congress. The comprehensive proposal, addressing everything from environmental safety to after-school programs for at-risk youth, was introduced a year ago by Sen. Christopher Dodd (D-Conn.) and Rep. George Miller (D-Calif.). Its provisions include:



· Ensuring health-care coverage and access to care for the nation's estimated 9.2 million children currently uninsured.

· Providing block grants to states to help negotiate and collect child support on behalf of single-parent heads of


· Giving tax relief to low- to moderate-income families with children.
· Increasing the minimum wage and access to unemployment benefits for working families.
· Repairing existing schools, building new schools in low-income areas, and providing support and training for teachers.

In her May 1 address to the bishops, Edelman declared, "More than 12 million
U.S. children live in poverty. And millions more are hungry, homeless or at risk for housing. This is unacceptable in the richest nation in the world. These are not acts of God; they are moral and political choices," she added. "We have the money (to support children). We don't have a money problem, we have a values problem." Edelman further urged the church to challenge political rhetoric and wrong
assumptions about the issues affecting children living in poverty – and their families. [Note: Edelman and the CDF are viewed as being on the extreme left politically. Her ideology is problematic.]

- UMNS; by M. Garlinda Burton; Nashville, Tenn.; 10-21-71BP{205}.; May 6, 2002.


+ First woman takes office as Council of Bishops president
For the first time in the history of the
United Methodist Church, the top two officers of the Council of Bishops will be
women. Bishop
Sharon A. Brown Christopher of the Illinois Area became the first woman to assume the office of president on May 3, and Bishop Sharon Rader of the Wisconsin Area continues as secretary, an office she has held since
1996. [Note: Rader was one of the “
Denver 15” who participated in a news release supportive of homosexuality at the 1996 General Conference in Denver.] Bishop Ruediger R. Minor of the Eurasia Area was elected president-elect. He
will become president at the council's 2003 spring meeting and will serve until the bishops meet at the 2004 General Conference in

- UMNS; by J. Richard Peck and as reported by M. Garlinda Burton; Nashville, Tenn.; 10-21-71BP{206}.; May 6, 2002.

+ Bishops seek audience with Bush, call for Mideast peace
UM Bishops want to meet with U.S. President George Bush to express their concerns about the testing and use of nuclear weapons following the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks on America. Claiming "ethical restraint has been compromised" in the name of the "war on terrorism," the 150-member international Council of Bishops reiterated the church's stand against nuclear weapons and recommitted itself to witnessing for peace during this time of conflict. The bishops adopted the statement, "In the Aftermath of 9-11," [which] said they will seek an audience with Bush, a United Methodist, to remind him of the church's stands on war, weapons and the ways of peace. The church's highest legislative assembly, the General Conference, has spelled out those positions in the Social Principles, which:
· Denounce war as "incompatible with the teachings and example of Christ," while acknowledging that "force of arms"

            may be needed to counter "unchecked aggression, tyranny and genocide."
· Call for condemnation of "the production, possession or use of nuclear weapons."

In other action, the bishops heard from a delegation of colleagues who recently returned from a fact-finding trip to the
Middle East and Pakistan. Members of the team met with Palestinian and Israeli religious and political leaders, as
well as grass-roots citizens, to learn how the crisis in that region had affected people's lives and communities.

[Note: It should be remembered that the bishops do not have a good record when dealing with international relations and matters of defense. The “fact-finding trips” have been of questionable effectiveness. See the appendix “Nicaragua - A Case Study” of the book The Church in Bondage on the Concerned Methodists website: As far as our country having nuclear weapons, it would be suicide for us not to have them in the dangerous world in which we live. The recommendations made are impractical and would not be tolerated by these same bishops if similar proposals were offered within the polity of the church]....The bishops called for an immediate cease-fire in Israel and the Palestinian territories and criticized both sides for using violence against civilians...and reaffirmed the "right of the peoples of Palestine and Israel to live within nations which have safe and secure borders."

                                                - UMNS; by M. Garlinda Burton; Nashville, Tenn.; 10-21-71BP{208}.; May 7, 2002.

+ Bishops hold first dialogue on homosexuality, discuss racism
The denomination's 30-year-old ban on ordaining gay men and lesbians remains, but United Methodist leaders admit there is a large and vocal minority of faithful, biblically grounded Christians who disagree with the official stand. To that end, the United Methodist bishops meeting April 28-May 3 participated in the first of four churchwide conversations designed



to "create open, grace-filled space" for people to discuss, disagree about and acknowledge the "deep wounds" experienced

by the church around this issue. For nearly 20 years, church law as recorded in the Book of Discipline has included a ban on the ordination of "self-avowed practicing homosexuals" and has espoused "fidelity in marriage and celibacy in singleness." And while acknowledging the "sacred worth" of homosexuals, church law condemns homosexual practices as "incompatible with Christian teaching."
     At their spring meeting, members of the Council of Bishops sat around tables to discuss their feelings and theological understandings about the issue that many have feared would split the 9.7-million-member denomination. Their comments came in response to papers presented by two respected scholars, the Rev. Billy Abraham of Perkins School of Theology in
Dallas and the Rev. Donald Messer of Iliff School of Theology in Denver. Quoting Galatians 3:28-29, Messer declared that inclusiveness of all people was a "precondition of being the one catholic, apostolic" church of Jesus Christ. He also asked the bishops to consider whether, like the church's "dramatic" change in how we now view divorce, there is some "new revelation or understanding from God" about sexual identify. Abraham countered that the gospel of Christ "is not about inclusivism or exclusivism. It's not even about sex." Rather, he said that the church – and its bishops - is called to ensure "that God's Word for us in Christ is fulfilled and practiced." He stressed that the "final ultimate word of God" clearly affirms sexual unions among married, heterosexual partners only.
     In their follow-up conversations, the bishops weighed in. Chicago Area Bishop C. Joseph Sprague took issue with the notion that homosexuality is, by definition, flawed. He asserted that if God creates gay men and lesbians, "God brings them to wholeness where they are." Retired Bishop Richard Looney of
Lake Junaluska, N.C., defended the church's current stand. "I would hope that our current position would be viewed as a loving one. We don't have signs outside our churches that say, 'No homosexuals allowed,'" he said. "We do have a position on the practice of homosexuality, and it is consistent with the Scriptures."
     The three other churchwide dialogues will involve members of the General Council on Ministries, youth and young adults, and people of color in leadership in the denomination. Planners hope to encourage similar conversations at the regional and local church levels.
     The bishops also spent a day examining racism and its effect on their work and life. They discussed the challenges of appointing pastors across lines of race, and asserted the need for more training and preparation for congregations and clergy in order to make successful cross-racial appointments. Led by the Rev. Chester Jones, top staff executive of the churchwide Commission on Religion and Race, the workshop challenged the bishops to explore their own roles in either promoting or eradicating racism from the process of appointing and promoting clergy. Bishop William Dew of the Phoenix Area was among those who stressed the importance of education and training for local churches in receiving and working with a pastor of a race or culture different than that of the congregation. "You can never prepare the church enough," he said. He also urged his colleagues to identify churches and pastors that are ready for cross-racial appointment and to offer them "visible support" before, during and after the assignment is made. For a church about to receive a new pastor from another racial group, the role of the current pastor in that slot "plays a key role in whether or not the transition is a smooth one," said Bishop Joel Martinez of the denomination's San Antonio (Texas) Area. "They lay the groundwork for the church, so we've got to work with all pastors and the cabinet to see that cross-racial appointments succeed." Still, the bishops' tenacity and commitment to de segregating churches determine the success of pastors appointed across racial lines, declared Bishop G. Lindsey Davis of the Atlanta Area. "The main stumbling block to cross-racial appointments belong at our feet," he said. "If we lack the moral courage to do what we need to do, then racism will continue to be a problem." [Note: The continuing discussions are designed to wear down opposition to this practice and get it accepted.]

In other business during their spring meeting, the bishops:
· Adopted a message to the church for Labor Day (in the United States, Sept. 2), emphasizing the right of all workers to receive a "living wage" and calling on governments around the world to allow workers to organize unions to protect their rights.
· Asked its executive committee to plan a trip for the Council of Bishops to Vieques,
Puerto Rico, during the group's Nov. 3-8 meeting in San Juan, "as an expression of the council's corporate witness." (Bishop Juan Vera of the affiliated autonomous Methodist Church of Puerto Rico has been among the church leaders opposing the U.S. Navy's use of the island for bombing exercises). [Note: Again, one wonders why there is so much “outrage” over the use of Vieques for a training are yet nothing is said about the atrocities committed in Castro’s prisons in Cuba.]

· Named Mississippi Bishop Kenneth Carder to deliver the Episcopal Address at the 2004 General Conference in                                       

                                             - UMNS; by M. Garlinda Burton;
Nashville, Tenn.; 10-21-28-32-71BP{211}.; May 7, 2002.



(UM) General Board of Church and Society.   Hunger Summit speakers urge church to mobilize
WASHINGTON (UMNS) - If the mostly United Methodist participants at the Hunger Summit were not fired up before evangelist Tony Campolo spoke on bread and justice, they may well have been afterward. "Evangelism is not recruiting people for heaven; it's for changing the world into what it ought to be," declared Campolo, an
American Baptist Church clergyman. Jesus' only description of judgment day is given in the context of how people treat the poor and hungry, he noted. "One of the things we have to recognize," he said, "is that it's hard to preach good news to the poor without preaching bad news to the rich." The May 9-10 event was produced by the United Methodist Board of Church and Society, the Society of St. Andrew hunger relief organization and Wesley Theological Seminary. [Note: This is a problem with an open-ended series of solutions. The first question that comes to mind is, “Why doesn’t our church step into the breach and actually do a better job of feeding the hungry instead of spending church dollars on lobbying?”]

- UMNS; by Joretta Purdue; Washington ; 10-21-71BP{222}; May 14, 2002; as quoted in the UMNS Weekly Digest for

            May 13-17, available on website:


UM Women.  United Methodist Women send child care message to Congress

WASHINGTON (UMNS) - The officers of United Methodist Women visited the Capitol on May 15 to fulfill a mission for children. They delivered messages from more than 6,750 church women who had written concerns about child care on oversize postcards during a recent assembly in Philadelphia. In their messages, the women expressed their care for children and the need for providing day care that working parents can afford. Most of the cards were delivered to Rep. George Miller (D-Calif.), who has agreed to have some read into the Congressional Record. The delegation also left cards at the offices of key senators. [Note: We have reports from RENEW representatives who had attended this meeting that this letter-writing campaign had been orchestrated by the event organizers. Again, one question that comes to mind is, “Why doesn’t our church step into the breach and actually do a better job of caring for these children?”] 

-UMNS, by Joretta Purdue; Washington; 10-23-71BP{227}; May 16, 2002. As quoted in the UMNS  Weekly Digest for

              May 13-17, available on website:

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The alternative to discipline is disaster.  – The Navigators’ Daily Walk, November 2, 1992


Global Outlook


"Direct my thought, words and work, wash away my sins in the immaculate Blood of the Lamb, and purge my heart by Thy Holy Spirit. Daily frame me more and more into the likeness of Thy Son Jesus Christ."

- Prayer from President George Washington

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Korea.  Korean pastors lobby, study in United States
WASHINGTON (UMNS) - Eighteen Methodist pastors from
Korea visited the nation's capital May 15-18 to learn and lobby as part of a study tour that also included stops in Nashville and New York. They were accompanied by the
Rev. Kil Sang Yoon of the Board of Higher Education and Ministry. In
Washington, they met with United Methodist Board of Church and Society (GBCS) executives to hear how the agency's ministries are organized. They also met with staff of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and the House International Relations Subcommittee, and spoke in favor of the reunification of North and South Korea, an official end to the Korean War and the reunification of families across the 38th parallel. [Note: The calls for the reunification of North and South Koreas despite the fact that the northern country is under the rule of an atheistic dictatorship is a purely political action with no thought as to its advisability.]

- As quoted in the UMNS Weekly Digest for May 13-17, available on website:


Pakistan.  Christians must offer light, hope, says Pakistan bishop
NEW YORK (UMNS) - Christians in Pakistan and elsewhere must provide a positive alternative to extremists who advocate violence, according to a prominent bishop there. "The terrorists are the ambassadors of death and destruction," said Bishop Alexander John Malik of the Diocese of Lahore, Church of Pakistan. "We as the followers of Christ ought to be the ambassadors of light and hope." Comprising eight dioceses, the current Church of Pakistan is the result of a
union in 1970 with Anglicans, Lutherans, United Methodists and Scottish Presbyterians. Malik, calls himself an "Anglican-plus." Christians are continuing to appeal for an end to
Pakistan's blasphemy laws. The situation in Afghanistan remains a concern for Pakistan. Malik believes a strong government is needed there. "If you leave Afghans alone, they will start fighting again," he said.                 - UMNS; Linda Bloom; New York; 10-21-33-71B{213}; May 8, 2002



Presbyterian Church (PCUSA).  The Presbyterians in the pews rejected Amendment 01-A to their church constitution (which would have legitimized the ordination of those engaged in homosexual practice in that church’s denomination.). A handful of churches and ministers are publicly saying that they will not obey the Constitution, which requires “fidelity in marriage and chastity in singleness.” Stated Clerk Clifton Kirkpatrick, is our denomination’s chief constitutional officer, is contributing to [the] defiance in that he says that the meaning of “chastity” is not clear. Therefore, he argues, each local governing body can come up with its own definition. And some are doing exactly that:

- Wayne Osborne, a Stamford, Conn. Elder who openly boasted of his same-sex partnership, told his presbytery                                                                                                

that he was “chaste in the eyes of God.”

- “Reverend” Kathleen Morrison, who told the San Francisco Examiner that she enjoys a sexual relationship with another

      woman, declared to Redwoods Presbytery that she is “chaste” by her definition of the term.


Many churches are protesting the failures of Louisville’s [The central office for that denomination.] leadership by withholding their per capita contributions… Per contributions clearly are voluntary, and advocacy of discipline is clearly within the rights of [local] church officers. Yet the Stated Clerk’s opinions are encouraging church bureaucrats to coerce protesting churches. [All this sounds familiar to United Methodists.]

- Letter received from Dr. Parker T. Williamson of the Presbyterian Lay Committee, March 22, 2002


Sudan. Report from Stephen F. Noll:

Subject: Sudanese Gathering                                          Date: Mon, 21 Jan 2002 22:47:50 +0300

   Over this past weekend, we have had a visit from Fran Boyle, an American from Truro (Uganda) Church who has a big heart for the Sudanese people. The event occurred on Sunday afternoon, with 21 Sudanese students and their families. We have 21 at Mukono, and there are several more at Kabale and also at the neighboring seminary in Namugongo. Their stories are heart-rending. They all know instinctively how to jump into foxholes when they hear the drone of the Antonov cargo planes sent by their own government to kill them. One of our students is a widow whose husband was killed in the war and is here with her small children. But the hardships they have endured have borne rich fruit as well. The Church has grown in great numbers in Sudan, and most black Africans identify themselves with Christianity. They say that the persecution has helped them overcome ancient feuds and suspicions between tribal groups, uniting them in their common need. I was able to read to them an internet report about the peace accords just signed Switzerland. The agreement would allow humanitarian aid to enter the Nuba mountains which have been a major area where the government is between the Government of Sudan and the Sudanese People's Liberation Army (SPLA) in starving its own people. While they welcomed the news of the cease-fire, most of the Sudanese at our gathering did not believe any long-term solution would work other than separation. Hence they speak of New Sudan (i.e. Southern Sudan). Whether the hope for partition is realistic, I do not know (note the recent partitions in the former Yugoslavia). The students believe that America is their only earthly hope for the future. They are very grateful for the chance to advance their education at UCU [University]...[which] might be a kind of light to the nations, especially for people from nearby countries (Burundi, Rwanda, Congo, Sudan) which have very little educational infrastructure.

- Faith J. H. McDonnell; Institute on Religion and Democracy; Website:


Vietnam.    Vietnamese religious leaders visit U.S. church groups
NEW YORK (UMNS) - A delegation of Vietnamese religious leaders spoke about tolerance in their country and expressed thanks for past cooperation during meetings with U.S. church leaders. In May 9-13 visits to New York and
Washington, the Buddhist and Christian clerics met with National Council of Churches and Church World Service executives, as well as representatives of the United Methodist agencies. Vietnamese government officials also were on
the trip, and leader Le Quang Vinh refuted claims that
Vietnam has no religious freedom. The group Human Rights Watch has charged the government with oppression of Vietnam's Christian Montagnards, but Vinh said that was a political issue, not a religious one. [Note: Once again, this reflects money given to the National Council of Churches and Church World Service by well-intentioned Christians being used to promote Marxist disinformation. There is too much personal experience that shows the situation in this country as not as portrayed here. Ecumenical church leaders are being mislead here – and its influence is being spread using church media from our denomination.]

-UMNS, by Linda Bloom; Washington; 10-33-71BP{220}; May 13, 2002. As quoted in the UMNS  Weekly Digest for

              May 13-17, available on website:

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"Indeed, I tremble for my country when I reflect that God is just."

--Thomas Jefferson